LIMITED EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
She is specialist of cloth modeling, but now is unemployed. At the different times she worked as hotline operator, consultant of public relations, volunteer. These positions were temporary jobs, which were offered by the Non- Governmental Organizations working on the disabled persons issues. Chigladze said: “generally it is very difficult to find job, especially in Qutaisi, where don’t appear vacancies for the disabled persons. I need a job,so that I don’t want to be always dependent on others. Since the last year I have constantly looked for a job, but haven’t found it.”
Based on international experience for the social integration adult disabled people, it is very important to involve them in the labor process. Despite their wishes and skills they don’t find jobs, this issue are confirmed by the Public Defender’s report of 2013 year about freedom and human rights in Georgia.
Georgian law about Social Protection of Disabled Persons, the article 21 states that the disabled persons have the right to work and realize their creative and entrepreneurial skills. For them it is not allowed any form of discrimination in employment. Vakhushti Menabde, specialized lawyer about disabled persons’ rights, said: “Georgia has duty to develop these persons’ labor skills, so that they must get protected jobs in the open market, on the way to solve unemployment problem should be introduced a quota system in public and incentives mechanisms in the private sector.”
Georgia joined UN Convention of Disabled Persons’ Rights in 2006, but this convention was ratified two weeks ago by The Parliament of Georgia. Since then, Georgia have a responsibility to take appropriate measures, in order to fully implement the Rights of Labor Employment. Gia Kakachia, Social Program director of Ministry Health, Labor and Social Affairs said :” So far, employment program for disabled program isn’t designed, it will be implemented is the second half of year.”
There is no statistical information about working disabled persons in Georgia. Neither the National Statistics Office and the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Welfare, has no information about how many disabled persons are employed in the private sector and government agencies. This and other problems are reflected in the latest 2013 year research Assessment of needs of disabled people in employment which was conducted by Human Rights and Monitoring Center with EU’s financial support. This study indicates: “external and internal infrastructure is bad, there are problems related with education and vocational training.
Representative of Non-Governmental Organization For Independent Living Rati Ionatamishvili, moves with wheelchair, draws attention to poor infrastructure and discrimination of labor market. Ionatamishvili thinks , organizations doesn’t have fixed ramps and proper environment. Employers usually refuse to hire disabled person. The reason explained often conceal the real reason- strong stereotypical thinking: disabled persons aren’t qualified employees.
In the private sector one of the most effective mean is social enterprise. One of such enterprise was established by the Coalition For Independent Living with support USAID. The enterprise are employees : 8 disabled persons in Tbilisi and 4-in Gori and Zugdidi. Enterprises produces wheelchairs, fixed-ramps, hand-operated vehicle systems and crutches, with one- year warranty. Ionatamishvili said,” the most importantly is that each carriage is made individually, taking into account the needs of beneficiary. This practice has never been in Georgia and haven’t large-scale nature, they are well aware of the wheel theme.”
In 2012, Revenue service employed 20 disabled persons in the Disputes, Human Resources, Information Technology departments. Anna Goguadze, 25, photographer, with wheelchair was one of them. After pre-interviewing and job training , she was hired. Goguadze said : “we can’t come out all cafes have a ladder, I can’t go down in the underground , none of the streets don’t have sidewalks fixed ramps, which jobs are we talking? Fortunately, I am exception, ten times harder to employ disabled persons.
For their employment, they need inclusive educational and vocational programs, which is the responsibility prerogative of the Ministry of Education. They should realize their professional knowledge into practice and find appropriate job, which is the duty of the Ministry Health, Labor and Social Affairs.