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EUROPEAN WOMEN IN POLITICS

Alim Alyev

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History informs that the first European country allowing women's suffrage was the Grand Duchy of Finland, followed by the Russian Empire. Norway allowed full women's suffrage in 1913. Other European countries pass women's suffrage after World War I.

According to research of Brookings.edu in 1945, in France women represented 5% of National Assembly deputes. In 1996, they still made up only 6% of deputes. 

In the 1976 Simone Veil became the first Minister of Health. In 1974, Françoise Giroud became the first junior minister of women issues. On June 28, 1999, French new amendment the law promoting equal access for men and women to elected positions was adopted on June 6, 2000.

An opinion poll published in the quarterly review Lunes prior to the March 2001 municipal elections revealed that two French voters out of three would welcome a woman mayor in their town.

“Research shows that, the discussion of gender inequalities in politics and business also masks the more fundamental issue of the unequal division of tasks at home. Working women still spent over three hours on domestic tasks every day. This is only four minutes less than in 1986, and still a staggering two hours more than their male counterparts,” - says the research.

"Responsibilities for day-to-day life still rest on women," said Elisabeth Guigou, now Minister of Labor. She added that: "Day-to-day life is particularly difficult for a woman politician since politics is one of the activities that least respects the rhythms of private time."